Good fishing and gear information is often not available, confusing or just difficult to understand, so I am going to lay it all out for you in plain English. Firstly, I would recommend that any new or average fisherman concentrate on looking for a quality spinning reel as they are getting ready to go fishing. Making a good informed decision may make the difference between filling up the livewell or coming home empty handed. In general, I would classify all types of fishing (freshwater, saltwater, ice fishing and fly fishing) into having 5 basic components outlining the equipment used for fishing.
Your fishing and gear selection should begin with a good fishing rod . We will start by reviewing the fishing rod, which could be made of graphite or some other type of composite material. Each fishing rod is usually identified by a different action. The action of a fishing rod varies greatly from Fast-action where only 30% of the rod bends, to Medium action where 60% of the rod bends to Slow-action where up to 90% of the rod bends. Also, the length of a rod varies, but an average length is usually around 7-8 feet. A typical rod for fly fishing may be a bit longer, like in the 9-foot range. This is the first piece of equipment used for fishing.
The next fishing and gear component is a reel, which is available in many different types, with the majority being as casting, spinning, spincast and baitcaster . Things to consider when buying a reel is the drag on a reel. In general, a reel’s drag is simply to the force that fish exerts on your line and reel, causing additional line to run out from your spool. The drag on your reel ( Quantum Reels and Shimano Reels) is very important as it takes the pressure off of your line and reel, while it allows a fish to run and tire themselves out.
The third fishing and gear component is some fishing line, and there are some different types such as monofilamint (mono), braided, flylines (floating and sinking). Fishing line also come in different strengths. A good fishing line should be friction resistance, knot strength, and some tolerence for abrasion. Also, keep in mind the strength of the line, for example, 10 pound test is stronger than 8 pound test.
Then comes the terminal tackle that gets added to the end of your fishing line. Specifically, a leader may be necessary as some fish species have very sharp gill rakers that have the ability to cut your line. The big ones, usually try this as an escape route after being hooked. Additional sinkers or weights may be added to the end of your line to assist your bait or lure to sink in the water deeper than normal. Most fishing and gear is important, but weights will help you get to where more fish are located by controlling the sinking speed of your lures. Wile these are just basic tips, you can find all the info you’ll need from SharkAndCoralConservation.com website as they have the most detailed best fishing guides online.
Finally, you will attach some bait, like a live worm, minnow, crayfish, leech etc. Or you may opt to go with an artifical lure. Some of the common types of lures including spinners, crankbaits, topwater, and plugs.